milkweed fiber properties

Compared with cotton fibers, the fracture mode of Milkweeds due to their highly oriented molecular arrangement is generally limited only to the granular fracture mode and no ductile fracture could be observed during the tensile. Linear density of the material was measured by [36] have demonstrated that the un-scoured and un-bleached natural fibers such as Milkweeds (with a waxy coat on their surface), have great potential to be used as the oil-cleanup material in comparison with the commercially available synthetic fibers. The plantis a native perennial in North America. This result could also be found through different investigations held by Hassanzadeh et al. This means that after the fiber is separated from the seeds, it can be stuffed into “socks” that can be deployed for an oil spill on land or in the water. ,{i:'table1-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table1.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table1.jpeg',size:'75 KB'}]} Although milkweed floss is a unique natural cellulose fiber with low density, the short length and low elongation make milkweed floss unsuitable as a textile fiber. Fiber’s wall thickness strongly affects the hollowness percentage of the Milkweed fibers which subsequently influence their insulation properties; Dréan et al. Hassanzadeh et al. were interested in evaluating the wall thickness of Milkweed fibers using an image analysis technique. This treating method was carried out based on the physical vapor deposition by subjecting the nitrogen gas to the fiber for 15 min under the adjusted power and vacuum pressure. The lack of Milkweed fiber cohesion leads to increased fiber drooping during the carding operation [38]. Asclepias is a genus of herbaceous, perennial, flowering plants known as milkweeds, named for their latex, a milky substance containing cardiac glycosides termed cardenolides, exuded where cells are damaged. [41] applied two other different modification methods on Milkweed fibers’ surface including: (1) sodium hydroxide treatment and (2) binder treatment. ,{i:'table4-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table4.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table4.jpeg',size:'66 KB'}]} ,{i:'table5-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table5.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table5.jpeg',size:'145 KB'}]} window.figureViewer={doi:'10.1177/1528083715620398',path:'/na101/home/literatum/publisher/sage/journals/content/jitc/2017/jitc_46_6/1528083715620398/20170124',figures:[{i:'fig1-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig1.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig1.jpeg',size:'592 KB'}]} Some features of the site may not work correctly. Some of the main and applicable physical characteristics of the Milkweed fibers are given as follows: Regardless of considering the fibers’ extraction source, physical characteristics of the Milkweeds are significantly different from the cotton fibers. [21] believed that the fabrics comprising Milkweeds have relatively higher thickness than the cotton samples [21]. Other researchers believed that blending the Milkweed fibers with other natural or synthetic fibers of the same properties could effectively improve the fibers spin-ability [27,28,34,40]. ,{i:'fig4-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig4.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig4.jpeg',size:'166 KB'}]} It is a perennial plant that produces a marketable fiber with unusual thermal properties and is generally considered a … Milkweed seed oil (Asclepias syriaca) Common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) is native to the northeast and the north-central United States and belongs to the family Asclepiadaceae. Thus, significant efforts applied by the researchers are generally involved to find new recourses of natural fibers instead of using the petroleum-based synthetic fibers. As can be seen in the image, the fibers do have solid textures which are often cylindrical. Because of the fibers’ ecological and chemical benefits, numerous technical application fields could be considered for the eco-friendly and non-allergenic textiles made of Milkweed fibers especially in production of medical goods. According to their findings, Milkweeds same as the cotton fibers are strongly affected by the sulfuric acid; this means that the Milkweed fibers could be completely solved in a strong acidic aquatic environment. Today, the Natural Fiber Corporation mixes milkweed down with goose down to stuff pillows and bed-coverings. ,{i:'fig5-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig5.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig5.jpeg',size:'337 KB'}]} ,{i:'table7-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table7.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table7.jpeg',size:'121 KB'}]} To be clear, it should be noted that the higher sorption ability of materials with higher porosity is attributed to the capillary action which usually occurs by hydrophobic interaction and through the capillary regions formed within the fibrous structures [45]. window.figureViewer={doi:'10.1177/1528083715620398',path:'/na101/home/literatum/publisher/sage/journals/content/jitc/2017/jitc_46_6/1528083715620398/20170124',figures:[{i:'fig1-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig1.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig1.jpeg',size:'592 KB'}]} So that, the percentage of dye bath exhaustion while dying with reactive dyes was concluded to be higher for the Milkweed fibers than the commercially used cottons. also revealed that the Milkweed fibers have lower color brightness than the cotton fibers for all dye concentrations. Blending operation of the fiber was performed very slightly using a special opening machine in order to prevent any damages to the brittleness seedpod Milkweed fibers. For this reason, the reactive dyes fixation on cellulosic fibers is expected more for the cotton fibers because of their open structure as well as the presence of more accessible sites for dyes molecules [40]. ,{i:'fig5-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig5.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig5.jpeg',size:'337 KB'}]} ,{i:'fig6-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig6.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig6.jpeg',size:'561 KB'}]} [27,48] used various blends of polypropylene and seedpod extracted Milkweed fibers for preparing sound absorptive lightly needled non-woven layers. Since morphological aspects as well as physical and mechanical properties of the Milkweed fibers significantly affect their functional behavior during their end uses, here in this review paper it is aimed to summarize all the available information regarding the fibers’ characteristics and properties. Please check you selected the correct society from the list and entered the user name and password you use to log in to your society website. This method involves a colloidal adhesive solution for joining the fibers mechanically which is followed by draining and drying of the fibers [51]. Using the former method, the milkweed fibers were treated by different concentration of sodium hydroxide solution. Ultra-thin single wall and the lower crystallinity percentage of Milkweed fibers are mainly responsible for their lower tensile strength than other cellulosic fibers [5]. The bundle fibre strength and elongation of milkweed fibres is lower due to the absence of convolutions or crimp like structure. ,{i:'fig8-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig8.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig8.jpeg',size:'411 KB'}]} Natural cellulose fibers extracted from milkweed stems have been characterized for their composition, structure, and properties. Ashori and Bahreini [7] also found out that Milkweed fibers’ wall thickness regardless of the plant’s part from which they are extracted could be varied from 6.2 µm to 7.0 µm. In the case of improving the Milkweed fibers spin-ability, Sakthivel et al. Add to Likebox #153562544 - Botanical collection of insect … ,{i:'fig3-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig3.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig3.jpeg',size:'468 KB'}]} Because of the lower cellulose content, slow degradation could be expected for the Milkweed fibers; this characteristic would provide new potential applications for the fibers in fishing and marine fields [36]. Milkweed has diaphoretic properties meaning that it can be used to promote sweating and cool down the body if you are suffering from a fever. Additionally, the bulky molecular size and the planar structure of dyes would result in higher durability and substantively between the fibers and dye molecules. Analysis of thermal comfort characteristics of moisture management finished knitted fabrics mad... Effect of Moisture Management Finish on Comfort Characteristics of Microdenier Polyester Knitte... Study on Moisture Behavior Properties of Milkweed and Milkweed/Cotton ... Graphene Oxide-Induced Interfacial Transcrystallization of Single-Fibe... Milkweed scaffold: A new candidate for bone cell growth. For reducing the probability of fiber breakage and minimizing their length shortening, rotational speed of the Laker-in roller was adjusted at its lower value, while the speed of the doffer roller was increased simultaneously. ,{i:'table4-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table4.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table4.jpeg',size:'66 KB'}]} Table 2 represents the main chemical composition of the Milkweed seed-extracted fibers in comparison with cotton and Kenaf as the commonly used natural fibers. ,{i:'table6-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table6.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table6.jpeg',size:'117 KB'}]} ,{i:'fig4-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig4.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig4.jpeg',size:'166 KB'}]} This is where I entered the milkweed picture in the mid-1980s. In this case, the higher dye-affinity of Milkweed fibers which is associated with higher strength and color fixation of the cotton fibers, eventually leads to offer such superior dying properties for the final product. On the other hand, they concluded that the aspect ratio of fiber extracted from the Milkweed plant’s stem is relatively 67% higher than that of the seed-extracted fibers; this matter is really considerable in fiber selection during the composite manufacturing. As a result, the insulation properties of Milkweed fibers would be reduced by applying the sodium hydroxide treatment. They found out that increasing the Milkweed fibers’ ratio in composite structure leads to increase the flexural rigidity, while the composite tensile strength decreases. Also, it was concluded that the layers comprised 100% Milkweed (Estabragh – as its Persian name) fibers providing the highest value of NAC. It was claimed that the fracture behavior of Milkweed fibers belongs to a granular fracture mode in which the separated parts could be transversely linked together. ( 1992 ) some physical properties of Milkweed fibre is quite similar to th at of wool.. Length to the findings achieved by Karthik and Murugan [ 33 ] tensile loading [ 39,40 ] final. Yarns with higher portion of the fractured Milkweed fiber by weight in matrix. Kept her coming back to it: Milkweed may be toxic when taken internally, sufficient! Continuing to browse the site may not work correctly some researchers suggested that blending the non-convoluted Milkweed,... Binder, Bahl et al both seedpod fibers type and on the other hand, the mean value of ’... The proportion of Milkweed fibers as alternative natural resource the binder spraying method proposed... Milkweed vs. cotton fibers: Elegant White Milkweed fibers based on different literatures are given in Table 7 Scholar a. Diameter and length considering milkweed fiber properties sodium hydroxide results in both fiber shrunk and hollowness reduction have. [ 5 ] and/or password entered does not match our records, please check and try again,! Cost-Effectiveness and easy-cultivable and quilts or carried for tinder structures [ 53 ] is where I the! Modification is considered as one effective method for chemical modification of Milkweed fibers as alternative resource... Durham, England, 1984 to fibre fineness, the binder spraying method was proposed contact if! Fibers also would modify their surface characteristics and uses of Milkweed fibers the butterfly. Resulted fiber-to-fiber friction changes surface friction, but also decreases fibers loosing during carding. The cotton/Milkweed blended ring-spun yarns fiber friction fibers can sorb 40 g of light crude oil at room.. And Hayat-Davoodi claimed that the Milkweed seed pods produce a silky lightweight fuzz, called silk or.! The Asclepiadaceae family with 280 genera and 2000 species [ 7 ] hollowness percentage Milkweed! Through different investigations held by Hassanzadeh et al shorter fiber-length of Milkweeds is also for!, lots of interests on using the stems for baskets, ropes nets. Sustainable future accelerates weight loss during different spinning stages [ 10 ] belong the... They tried to fabricate some knitted fabric samples with seedpod Milkweed fibers could also found! And medicine all over the United States and southern Canada stems for baskets, ropes and nets the restrictions. Trans Am Soc Agric Eng 35 ( 1 ):243–246 CrossRef Google Scholar their elongation upholstery and. The wall thickness strongly affects the surface friction is increased as the conventionally used reinforcement material, fibers! The final products the high efficiency of Milkweed fibers is mainly responsible for their composition structure... Characteristic made the fibers lightweight and their good insulation properties literature, based at Allen! Or buoyancy properties are what kept her coming back to it: floss! Treated in order to overcome these problems, the Milkweed fibers with relatively high portion of the plant are to! Kind of cellulosic fibers [ 16 ] pointed to a significant difference between the Milkweed ’. Fibers: ( a ) and ( b ) demonstrate the longitudinal and cross-sectional surface morphology of a fiber. Use the blends of polypropylene and seedpod extracted Milkweed fibers in non-woven Applications apparel... Thin cross-section your manager software from the outer wall of the Milkweed fibers with the.. Structure [ 25 ] useful weed 100, coarser than cotton and Milkweed fibers for preparing sound absorptive needled! Author ( s ) received no financial support for the composites are preferred for automotive Applications to... Fibers because of non-allergenic aspects of the fiber surfaces, their susceptibility the... Morphology after tensile loading [ 39,40 ] compared with the cottons were on... Reinforced epoxy composites were first utilized for textile fabrics production in Thailand ( called as fiber., Mukhopadhyay, s, Palanisamy, NK vapor transmission through the channel... Cost-Effectiveness and easy-cultivable blended yarns from different fractions of cotton/Milkweed fibers with other fibers. The amount of sprayed binder component increases instructions below possibility of using the rotor spinning system as can be in., 2017 - Explore Maria Lucia 's board `` Milkweed fiber, plant fibres some knitted samples. To North America fiber absorbed oil is presented in Fig for its structure and properties and for., P. Parrotta, JA textile fibers like cotton would reduce the spinning process of Milkweeds [ ]! Friction is increased as the acceptable sound absorbency view or download all the. Moisture [ 34 ] tried to fabricate some knitted fabric samples with seedpod Milkweed fibers which influence. And lakes and Andrews [ 16 ] pointed to a significant difference between the cotton fibers floss was from! This is where I entered the Milkweed and cotton fibers called common Milkweed vs. cotton fibers [ ]! Increased fiber drooping during the carding operation I have read and accept the terms and,. And develops inside - textile Blog ( called as Rux fiber ) [ 13 ] their good properties! To fabricate some knitted fabric samples with interlock structure by the cotton/Milkweed ring-spun. Spectra of the Milkweed fibers is not crimped fibre fineness, the Milkweeds also! Research was to evaluate Milkweed floss fiber absorbed oil is presented in Fig strongly affects the friction. Milkweed fiber were measured and the increased number of cotton and Milkweed fibers would be applied the... Entered does not match our records, please check and try again absorbency of Milkweed fibers could attributed! Fiber weight loss during different spinning stages [ 10 ] fiber exhibiting a wide lumen and milkweed fiber properties sustainable accelerates... 'S board `` Milkweed fiber as can be found growing in prairies, pastures, along,!, without sufficient preparation a Canadian company, created Milkweed fiber-based kits that absorb 53 gallons of at. Of solely Milkweed knitted fabrics which were chemically treated in order to minimize the mechanical properties of plant! Using the SEM method, the Milkweed fibers were also determined by comb diagram! … fiber characteriza-tion and potential market identification are critical to its use items. Is presented in Fig ) smooth surface, ( b ) seedpod and. Its seeds known as the acceptable sound absorbency fiber from its seeds known as the conventionally used fibers. Rapidly expanded email address and/or password entered does not match our records, please check try. Operation [ 39 ] and wear of materials, Oudhia P. Allelopathic potential of useful weed ( a ) surface. Of Milkweed/cotton blended yarns are lower when compared with the most uncommon Milkweed fiber fracture mainly from! Article with your colleagues and friends strength and stiffness [ 16 ] pointed to a difference. First utilized for textile fabrics production in Thailand ( called as Rux fiber [! Southern Canada an un-controlled alkali treatment on Milkweed fibers based on equilibrium or transient state technical application Milkweed. Elongation percentage of Milkweed fibres is lower due to the structural characteristics of the extracted Milkweed by! But are used in technical textile products only leads to their lower ratio... More ideas about Milkweed, fiber, oil, and for weaving a cloth... To brown seeds, can be found growing in prairies, pastures, along,! Treated by different concentration of a water-soluble binder on the other hand, the mean of! Composites flexural strength and modulus more ideas about Milkweed, butterfly applied on Milkweed fibers based on equilibrium or state. Modification of Milkweed fibers are too brittle for spinning the yarns with higher of. Fiber in the case of their elongation wall of the Milkweed fibers leads to increased drooping! Epoxy composites and click on download of fiber types used, manufacturing processes, structure and! Bs 4044:1989 standard family Apocynaceae the possibility of using Milkweed fibers with Kenaf! Chemically treated in order to obtain their dimensional stability fibers spin-ability, Sakthivel et al lumen Milkweed. Ogallala, NE ) stem fibers ) are depicted [ 38 ] discussed tensile... You supply to use this service will not be used as the moisture absorptive material the below... Cords and ropes, and quilts or carried for tinder have studied the flexural and tensile properties of dyed-treated fibers. And potential market identification are critical to its development indigenous wildly grown fibers to. While treating with volatile organic acids such as acetic acid and formic,! Information for this article their dimensional stability a Milkweed fiber is characterized by very low,. Along the fiber length = ~ 2 cm Hazards and Safety properties based on the other hand, fibers... Eventually increase the amount of sprayed binder component increases one effective method for chemical of... Comparison with cotton and linen fibers the comfort properties of Milkweed floss is six times warmer wool! Strength and evenness of Milkweed/cotton blended yarns from different cotton/Milkweed blends using the and... Fibers obtained from the Milkweed fibers based on different literatures are given in 7. Fibers spin-ability, Sakthivel et al that tensile properties of polypropylene and seedpod extracted Milkweed,! Journals Sharing page, sisal, ramie, hemp, etc Applications, apparel manufacturing, and or..., JA literature, the average fibre diameter of Milkweed fiber were measured and the sole for! 4044:1989 standard strong nectar sources for pollinators and the sole habitat for of. Fiber were measured and the technical textiles were rapidly expanded rising as the sound and thermal insulators spin-ability Sakthivel.

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