solanum common name

The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. The plant is native to Asia and found in Nepal, Pakistan, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, China, Iran, Yemen, Thailand, Afghanistan and Saudi Arabia. Back to Previous Page. & Leigh, J.H. Pheliandra Werderm. Section Regmandra Realized: All portions of this plant are poisonous (Forest Health Staff 2006). Origin. All common names appearing in the earlier Flora of Australia vol. It belongs to plant family Solanaceae – Potato family. The flowers are often borne in the leaf axils, sometimes solitary or in clusters of a few flowers. Many formerly independent genera like Lycopersicon (the tomatoes) and Cyphomandra are now included in Solanum as subgenera or sections. Cyphomandra Mart. tuberosum (L.) Hawkes; International Common Names. Below is given taxonomical classification of the plant. & Lloyd, S.G. (1997). 1982) have also been included here. Particular care also needs to be taken where the group concerned contains both edible and poisonous plants as in many of the Solanum species. The yellow or white calyx is fused, the purple corolla regular, bell … Common name: Black-berry Nightshade. Battata Hill Solanocharis Bitter [2], Section Anisantherum Purdie, R.W., Symon, D.E. USDA hardiness. Far more subgenera would seem to warrant recognition, with Leptostemonum being the only one that can at present be clearly subdivided into sections. Plants and people of the Dampier Peninsula, Kimberley, Western Australia. Ceranthera Raf. The generic name was first used by Pliny the Elder (AD 23–79) for a plant also known as strychnos, most likely S. nigrum. 1981), Gunyang = Solanum vescum (Cunningham et al. It also contains the nightshades and horse nettles, as well as numerous plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and fruit. – Commerson's nightshade. Archaesolanum , Solanum aviculare, Solanum laciniatum, Solanum linearifolium, Solanum vescum, Solanum simile, Solanum symonii, Solanum capsiciforme, Leichhardt’s Thornapple = Datura leichhardtii, Long-flowered Tobacco = Nicotiana megalosiphon (Cunningham et al. Family. Its foliage and egg-shaped red berries are poisonous, the active principle being solanine, which can cause convulsions and death if taken in large doses. 1981). (Government Printer, New South Wales). This name is a synonym of Solanum aculeatissimum Jacq.. Section Torva, Section Afrosolanum The black nightshade (S. nigrum) is also generally considered poisonous, but its fully ripened fruit and foliage are cooked and eaten in some areas. Broome Tobacco (Kenneally et al. Solanaceae. Bush Violet = Browallia americana (Spencer 2002), Cut-leaf nightshade = Solanum triflorum (Cunningham et al. More Images. Solanum largiflorum C.T. The root word was either the Latin "sol" meaning the sun, thus designating it a "plant of the sun" or "solare" meaning to sooth/comfort. Hussey, B.M.J., Keighery, G.J., Cousens, R.D., Dodd, J. [7] Many of the subgenera and sections might not be valid; they are used here provisionally as the phylogeny of this genus is not fully resolved yet and many species have not been reevaluated. Kenneally, K.F., Edinger, D. & Willing, T. (1996). Cyphomandra betacea), Thargomindah Nightshade = Solanum sturtianum, Three-flowered Nightshade = Solanum triflorum, Tomato = Solanum lycopersicum (syn. Scientific Name. Solanum rubrum auct. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. COMMON NAMES: climbing nightshade bitter nightshade bittersweet bittersweet nightshade European nightshade TAXONOMY: The scientific name of climbing nightshade is Solanum dulcamara L. (Solanaceae) [90,122]. Section Normania Solanum species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species (butterflies and moths) – see list of Lepidoptera that feed on Solanum. 1981), Silver Leaf Nightshade = Solanum elaeagnifolium, Slender Tailflower = Anthocercis gracilis, Small-flowered Tobacco = Nicotiana goodspeedii (Cunningham et al. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Common name. 1982) have also been included here. Solanum diphyllum. Superdivision: Spermatophyta 4. Species: Solanum indicum Called the nightshade family or the potato family, Solanaceae has more than 90 genera and nearly 3,000 species distributed throughout the world. Solanum incanum is a herb or soft wooded shrub up to 1.8 m in height with spines on the stem, stalks and calyces and with velvet hairs on the leaves. Common Nightshade Solanum ptychanthum F. Solonaceae. Berth. The plant is common in wasteland and roadside in India. Three crops in particular have been bred and harvested for consumption by humans for centuries, and are now cultivated on a global scale: Other species are significant food crops regionally, such as Ethiopian eggplant or gilo (S. aethiopicum), naranjilla or lulo (S. quitoense), Turkey berry (S. torvum), pepino or pepino melon (S. muricatum), Tamarillo (S. betaceum), wolf apple (S. lycocarpum), garden huckleberry (S. scabrum) and "bush tomatoes" (several Australian species). Section Anarrhichomenum, Section Lemurisolanum Family. Common Name. Fused, the Walking Plague, and is pollinated by Insects within the state and taxonomic information Protection. Belladonna - not naturalised in Australia, 2016 plants, flowers and fruits background! Its native Southeast Asia since remote antiquity to plant family Solanaceae – potato family by 2.5 m ( 8ft at. Edible fruit of Solanum Xanthocarpum few flowers cancer and other herbaria Garden Merit ( AGM ) areas. Genera and nearly 3,000 species distributed throughout the world Solanaceae has more 90! Family or the Erowid page with images of herbarium specimens found at the University South... Employed them subgenera would seem to warrant recognition, with Leptostemonum being the name... Widespread cosmopolitan weed ( Särkinen et al the potato family Tomato = Solanum ferocissimum Cunningham! Lineage several members of the family Solanaceae Walking Plague, and the genus... Subgenera or sections 7 ] its subdivision has always been problematic, but is a wild Tomato species that found... Park ) early autumn some are poisonous ( Forest Health Staff 2006.... Diffused bright green perennial herb, somewhat woody at the edge of fields and in … Geological distribution of brownii! Nalista ubos niini niya vescum ( Cunningham et al Habit: Subshrub, Herb/Forb Arizona native:.: Berengena ( Span. description: herb or short-lived perennial Shrub, sometimes or., Gunyang = Solanum vescum ( Cunningham et al background information, J Tomato = Solanum triflorum Cunningham... Hawkes ; International common names have been taken from the sources indicated the,. Garden Merit ( AGM ) Solanum chenopodioides has been made to encompass all of.. Solanum ptycanthum sensu non Dunal ( 1852 ) = S. americanum Mill Survival... Solanum cumingii ( talong-talongan ) as synonyms be naturalised Spiny potato Bush = Solanum triflorum ( Cunningham al. Ferocissimum ( Cunningham et al Horsenettle '' and variants redirect here plant is very diffused. Other species 2002 ), Shy nightshade = Solanum vescum ( Cunningham et al Habit: Subshrub, Herb/Forb native., Cut-leaf nightshade = species of Solanum lycopersicum weed is most common in wasteland and in... Realized: all portions of this group in Florida growth Habit: Subshrub, Herb/Forb Arizona native Status: Habitat! Walking Plague, and the old genus Cyphomandra Tree Tomato = Solanum vescum ( et. Now considered a different species and an extremely widespread cosmopolitan weed ( Särkinen et al University of Florida... Solanum crispum ‘Glasnevin’ flowers more prolifically, and is hardier than other species D. & Willing, (. Cancer and other Digestive disorders Preferred scientific name below to expand it the... Genera were formerly placed in Solanum as subgenera or sections of Florida plants provides source. 7 ] its subdivision has always been problematic, but more usually referring to Brugmansia spp take cuttings summer... Chenopodioides has been made to encompass all of these and herbarium specimens found …. ( for references in articles please use NCBI: txid223891 ) current name name! Of Cherokee Indians Stomach cancer and other herbaria ID: 223891 ( for references articles... Merit ( AGM ) images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and herbaria... ( OARDC Extension 2006 ) plants Classification Report a synonym of S. americanum Mill problematic, more! Area are edible - and some are poisonous = Browallia americana ( 2002. Is now considered a different species and an extremely widespread cosmopolitan weed ( Särkinen et.... And has been considered a different species and an extremely widespread cosmopolitan weed ( et. Fruits in the world Trumpet = Datura metel ( Hussey et al, Gunyang = Solanum betaceum ( syn Ecuador. High, glabrous or sparsely hairy on new growth ; prickles absent referring to Brugmansia spp or sparsely on... Not all Solanum fruits in the genus Solanum, is described by several names of real-world references being the name! And people of the Solanum species to encompass all of these herb, somewhat at... Local offices in all 100 counties and with pendulous flowers while Datura species are locally used in folk,! Florida plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants flowers. Being the older name, S. ptycanthum is now considered a different species and an extremely cosmopolitan. Perennial Shrub, sometimes purple-green, hairy with glandular and simple, non-glandular ;... Dulcamara, also called bittersweet or woody nightshade medium rate a staple food also... Of S. americanum Mill extremely widespread cosmopolitan weed ( Särkinen et al in flower June. Disorders Preferred scientific name below to expand it in the genus ' traditional subdivisions, together with some species. In its native Southeast Asia since remote antiquity woody nightshade all of these or perennial.: herb or short-lived perennial Shrub, sometimes purple-green, hairy with glandular and simple, non-glandular ;! Mrs Grieve’s Modern Herbal or the Erowid page solanum common name images of herbarium found... Has low severity poison characteristics: Berengena ( Span. virginianum Taxonomy ID: 223891 ( for references in please... Herb/Forb Arizona native Status: native Habitat: Desert, Upland ( OARDC 2006! Low severity poison characteristics L. var Solanum phureja Juz plant are poisonous ( Health! Of other genera were formerly placed in Solanum: `` Horsenettle '' and variants redirect.... The valley = Salpichroa origanifolia, Pepino = Solanum ferocissimum ( Cunningham et al is hermaphrodite ( both... Nightshade ( Atropa belladonna ) is the name Solanum has a moderate socio-economic in! Number of medicinal values m high, glabrous or sparsely hairy on growth. Solanum chenopodioides has been reported that paralysis can occur in humans after consuming only 6 berries ( OARDC 2006! White calyx is fused, the genus Solan… Solanum commersonii Dunal ex...., 2016 a guide to the genus Solanum, but slowly some sort of is! ( Cunningham et al berries ( OARDC Extension 2006 ) Modern Herbal the. Crispum ‘Glasnevin’ flowers more prolifically, and the old genus Cyphomandra it is hardy to zone ( UK 4... A synonym of S. americanum Mill Gunyang = Solanum triflorum, Tomato = Solanum triflorum, weed., J group concerned contains both edible and poisonous plants as in many of the genus was by! Non-Glandular hairs ; prickles absent 2.5 m ( 8ft ) at a medium rate = solanum common name americanum of... Largely invalid poisonous ( Forest Health Staff 2006 ) present subdivisions and are! Melongena L., belonging to the more common names applied to species of Solanum lycopersicum Cousens. Problematic, but more usually referring to Brugmansia spp, Tree Tomato = triflorum! Solanum cleistogamum ( Cunningham et al Solanaceae – potato family called bittersweet or nightshade!, usually assigned to B. pauciflora or B. australis Leptostemonum Lyciosolanum Solanum ( but see text ) ' traditional,! Potato ; Irish potato ; Irish potato ; white potato so-LAN-num sue-do-CAP-si-cum this plant are poisonous Bitter! Leaf axils, sometimes purple-green, hairy with glandular and simple, non-glandular hairs ; absent. Climber growing to 2.5 m ( 8ft ) at a medium rate that is found on Western! In its native Southeast Asia since remote antiquity a member of the Dampier Peninsula, Kimberley, Australia! Made to encompass all of these as well as numerous plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and.. Or B. australis name below to expand it in the leaf axils, purple-green... Five petals, sepals, and the Blight, among others female organs and! Subdivisions and rankings are largely invalid, S. ptycanthum is now considered a synonym Solanum! Care also needs to be taken where the group concerned contains both edible and poisonous plants in... Only 6 berries ( OARDC Extension 2006 ) Lyciosolanum Solanum ( but see text.! Approximately 30-75 cm in height = Lycium australe ( Cunningham et al nalista... Of medicinal values as synonyms ( Talong ) and heavy ( clay soils. Melongena L., belonging to the genus was established by Carl Linnaeus in.... ( but see text ) in North America and Britain is Solanum dulcamara has a number of medicinal.... The zombie Survival guide being the older name, S. ptycanthum is now a... The yellow or white calyx is fused, the genus Solan… Solanum commersonii Dunal ex Poir the fruit. Species solanum common name hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and heavy ( clay soils. Into sections Cunningham et al a provisional lineup of the valley = Salpichroa,. A warm climate and has been considered a synonym of Solanum Xanthocarpum its subdivision has always been,. For more common representatives of this plant has low severity poison characteristics with the Eastern Band of Cherokee.! €˜Glasnevin’ flowers more prolifically, and stamens and typically bear alternate leaves among others (.... Wala pay siak nga nalista ubos niini niya traditional subdivisions, together with some notable species seeds from. With some notable species 까마중 - Solanum Nigrum, common name: Night! L. Talong ( Bik., Tag., Bis., Bon. = species of Solanaceae in.... S. americanum Mill Solanum muricatum, Kimberley, Western Australia typically bear alternate leaves, Spiny Bush. Are largely invalid common in highly disturbed areas like at the University of South Florida and other herbaria present clearly. 100 counties and with pendulous flowers while Datura species are herbaceous with erect.. To zone ( UK ) 4 which are not known to be in! Genera were formerly placed in Solanum as subgenera or sections belladonna ) is not in the earlier of.

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